Jamaica is an island with an area of 11,244 square
kilometres (or about 4,411 square miles). The island is surrounded by the warm
waters of the Caribbean Sea and is located in the Tropics at approximately latitude
18ºN and longitude 77ºW, which is about 4.5 degrees south of the Tropic
of Cancer or about midway between the southern tip of Florida and the Panama Canal.
Time Meridian is 75 degrees West, hence the Time Zone is Eastern Standard Time
with 0000-hours being midnight or 0500-hours Universal Coordinated Time (UTC)
and 1200-hours being noon or 1700-hours UTC.
most important climatic influences are the Northeast Trade Winds, the range of
mountains which runs east-southeast to west-southwest along the centre of the
island, the warm waters of the Caribbean Sea, and weather systems such as upper-
and low-level low-pressure centres, troughs and cold fronts.
cold fronts, usually weak after migrating from the North American continent, are
evident from mid-October to mid-April; whilst the Tropical Weather Systems, namely
Tropical Waves, Tropical Depressions, Tropical Storms and Hurricanes occur from
April to December. The official hurricane season is from June to November.
national Meteorological Service in Jamaica maintains 24-hour communication with
the National and Regional Hurricane Centre in Florida, USA, especially during
the hurricane season, thereby ensuring the timely dissemination of forecasts and
PARISH RAINFALL SUMMARY FOR October 2013
here to download the file
30 Year Mean Rainfall
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